The last designing batch I trained was exciting. Because I had to work on perspective drawing and give them a complete overview, this form of art is one of my favorites and the inspiration that got me into the field.
I had to start with what is perspective drawing. It is the form of art that portrays 3-dimensional scenery or object or sight on paper, which is two-dimensional.
The different state of the object, the size, the form, etc., doesn’t remain the same in your eyesight. Variations are noticeable, and perspective drawing enables you to capture, imply, and portray them on paper.
This article will have a long and complete guide on perspective drawing. I can assure you that you won’t need anything more about perspective drawing once you are done with this article.
So, let’s take a deep dive into the topic.
What is Perspective Drawing?
Perspective drawing is a technique to convey three-dimensional deception of depth on two-dimensional surfaces. The drawing allows you to observe and portray a 3-dimensional object in a 2-dimensional plane.
The paper or surface your draw is usually 2-dimensional. When you make a drawing over there displaying 3-axis and making each of them live, you do the perspective drawing thing.
Geometric perspective can also create an illusion where the viewer will find himself either above or below the subject. In perspective drawing, the art makes a geometric-optical illusion of popping off from the page or demising in some points.
This form of drawing is prevalent around us. Especially if you are an architect, you are always bound to remain amid the concept. Also, house construction, design making, fashion designing, etc., are all connected with the concept of perspective drawing.
What are the Main Perspective Principles?
When you are into perspective drawing, you are bound to maintain certain principles. The drawing doesn’t complete just like that. It requires sheer precision in different areas.
In my 12 years of art implementation, I have always used 4-basic forms to nail my perspective drawings. Using them as a principle, I have always been completing my work. You have them right below:
Size of Forms
This principle indicates the visual effect that the closest one of the similar forms will appear large as the object moves further and the size decreases.
You are getting the overall contribution of the axis, the form of the object to your eyes in real, and changing manner of the state with time. All get included to comprise the size of the forms.
Overlap of Forms
When you look at the art from the top, your first impression goes to the depth of the form. When the bottom of the art remains parallel to the top, you become nothing but confused.
That’s why the later part of the behind part is said to make more minor than the upper or the top. Not only does it helps you to identify the parts, but it also gives you a clear vision of how depth the object is.
You must connect the lines of the edges of the top and bottom parts to their respective ones. There you complete the overlapping forms.
Placement of Forms
Yes, it does. Placing the larger form farther from the horizon will make you look more at it. Because once you do that, you are making it closer to the observer. The first view of the sight falls on it, and you get your desired surveillance.
Convergence of Angular Lines
When you are converging or merging into line at a certain point, you are giving the appearance of depth to the art. The point where the two lines meet dispatches them to both sides and give a complete basis of the width created by the line between them.
What are the Main Elements of Perspective Drawing?
You cannot imagine perspective drawing without its elements. It is impossible. The lines, points, values, etc., make the whole drawing come alive.
That’s why here are the points which you must consider while making the perspective drawing.
1. Vertical Lines
Vertical lines are straight lines drawn from top to bottom of the page. This is the alignment to which you’ll be drawing your work.
You get a clear concept of where to draw what and at which angle. Also, you get to make different parts of your drawing to work on at times.
2. The Horizon Line
The horizon line refers to the foundation line. It is your eye level to the art. There are three different perspectives of the line: bird’s eye view, human perspective, and worm’s eye view.
The horizon line separates the ground and the sky or water and the sky. Practically it is not visible due to trees, buildings, structures, mountains, and hills, but visible from an ocean view.
The vanishing point and the intersection point of vanishing lines lay on the horizon line. Different elements might have different vanishing points. You’ll know better about it in the next point.
3. The Vanishing Point & Vanishing Line
The vanishing point is where all receding parallel lines disappear or cease to exist by extending along the horizon line.
The railway can be an excellent example of understanding vanishing points. From a bird’s eye view, railway lines are seen to form parallel lines. But from a human perspective, railway lines are converged at a particular point which determines the vanishing point of that particular view.
There are no limits to vanishing points for making perspective art. Some drawn elements may have more than one vanishing point if needed.
In perspective drawing the parallel lines converging to the vanishing point is called the vanishing line. The closer we are to the object, the closer the vanishing points will be.
This kind of closer vanishing point results in extremely perspective drawing. The distance between an object and the vanishing point is determined by two factors: the gap from the object and the angle of view to the object.
4. Vantage Point
The vantage point is an observation aspect. The vantage point is the point from which you are looking at an object and the relevant things around it. A scene, drawing, or observation can have different vantage points due to different viewing angles.
Vantage point favors the most to the capability of capturing the most of the sight. You cannot just get the maximum vantage point of view. If you had wings, you could have scored the highest in this regard.
That’s why the highest vantage point belongs to the bird’s eye view, with the capability of capturing nearly all the points. And the lowest to the warm’s eye view restrains to a certain point without much effort.
A piece of the perspective drawing indicates the horizontal height, whether at eye level, upwards, or downwards.
This is an important part that comprises the final look of your work. Values are the effect of shade and shadow according to an artwork’s light and dark hues that influences the depth illusion.
It is maintained in pneumatic perspective drawing mainly. Once you are done with displaying every object accordingly, you are just a step away from adding color to your drawing to make it lively.
Not only color but also proper shade and tone become the last thing here. As perspective drawing is based mainly on viewing the sight and angle of the object, shade and tone are fundamental and crucial principles to define and rank your work.
Types of Perspective Drawing
Usually, there are 2-types of perspective drawing:
Linear perspectives create an illusion of depth based on mathematics and straight lines. It is a perspective drawn by artists where the relative size, shape, and position of objects will be considered.
Circles, angles, triangles, lines, etc., are the main elements of the linear perspective drawing. Implementing these in your work, you are to complete the whole drawing perfectly.
Atmospheric perspective drawing uses color shifts and shading to convey three-dimensionality. It is also known as aerial perspective.
Color modulation to simulate the changes in a recession is applied in this technique. For example, distant objects seem blurrier and less vibrant compared to closer ones.
Also, the tone of a sunny day is much brighter than that of a gloomy one. The perspective varies from time to time and from place to place. You implement them on the sheet based on what you have captured to work upon.
Five Ways of Rerspective Drawing
There are simply 5-ways by which you can do the perspective drawing. They are simple, easy, and convenient. Even for the newest artists, I have made it simple and compact to imply in work.
Let’s get along with it.
One point Perspective Drawing
One point perspective technique is applied when the front surface or plane of an object is directly facing to face of the viewer and runs parallel to the horizon line. There are no other ways of viewing and implementing it.
For example, when you look down a road or path, it will represent a one-point perspective. A simple straight line defines a simple viewing angle for your work.
Two-point Perspective Drawing
Two-point perspective drawing is another method of perspective art where lines converge on two vanishing points on eye level or horizon line. There are two vanishing points of the art. The points converge to make the viewing angle wholly live to your eyes.
It is commonly used for drawing statues, buildings, interiors, etc. It gives an extra realistic effect on art, so this technique is prevalent among artists, designers, and engineers, mainly architects.
Three-point Perspective Drawing
Three-point perspective uses three sets of perpendicular lines and three vanishing points for drawing any object. Low-eye-level drawings can be made using three vanishing points.
This completes all the possible states of the object in the drawing, its size at places, and the angle you’ll get after watching it at the vantage point.
When drawing buildings or other objects viewed from a low or high eye level, a three-point perspective is mainly used. This perfectly defines the size of a particular place from your point, depth, height, and other factors. All the characteristics of a 3-dimensional drawing are poured upon it.
Multiple Point Perspective Drawing
Multiple point perspective drawing has separate sets of vanishing points and various angles for each object present in the drawing.
These objects will not be parallel to each other in this case. A drawing can have multiple vanishing points according to the complexity of the subject or the view to be drawn.
Curvilinear Perspective Drawing
To achieve a curvilinear perspective, curved sets of two-point perspective lines and two orthogonal lines can be superimposed. This will result in a four-point curvilinear perspective drawing viewed above eye level.
A central horizon line of any orientation can be used for this drawing, and this drawing can portray both a worm’s-eye and bird’s-eye view simultaneously. The vanishing point at the center can be used just like a one-point perspective to convey frontal foreshortened three-dimensionality.
Pro Tips for Better Perspective Drawing
Perspective drawing techniques make the work of art way more realistic and fun on a piece of flat surface. Learning perspective takes time and practice as well.
That’s why you have 3-major practices that will develop your work and observation of the art.
Getting Knowledge from Surroundings
One of the main factors of nailing perspective drawing is knowing your surroundings well. Without that, you won’t be able to get much.
And that includes the depth, size, angle, tone, color, nature, and condition of the environment. How those objects remain at times becomes the challenge you need to conquer. You will flourish more in the art when you study and get them.
Identifying the Eye Level or Horizon Line
You won’t be getting a similar sight of a scene or sight all the time at all levels. How you observe or portray a specific sight should be fixed and confined to that state.
Changing it whatsoever, later on will not give you your desired work of art. You might not get what you expected and end up causing an error.
Identifying the Shapes of Any Object
Shapes become essential when you are making two- and three-point perspective drawings. If the shapes are not correct, they won’t be coming live to your drawing.
And you are sure not to get what you were supposed to. That’s why it is essential to know the size of the object you will work on.
Also, don’t compromise while making the perfect joining or shaping up the objects.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What are the Uses of Perspective Drawing?
The uses of perspective drawings are many. You can apply it in making different drawings, designs, paintings, etc.
And professionally, perspective drawing has become huge. Almost all kinds of constructions, interior design, etc., are bound to be done by perspective drawing. So, you can realize how unique the form of art is.
Q: What is a Perspective Drawing in Design?
In design, perspective drawing enables uplifting and holding the design more accurately. As the goal is to make three-dimensional art livelier on paper, perspective drawing is the only implementation and source to do so.
Any design, be it for painting, interior or graphical, perspective drawing holds no settlement. Its goal is to make your work the best to look at.
Q: Why is Perspective So Tricky in Art?
Perspective drawing is beautiful yet one of the most complex art forms. Reliving what you see on a piece of paper is no small task. And there remains the precision to make proper size, shape, and shade.
It is tough to combine all of them at once to make what you want. And that is where perspective drawing becomes difficult.
But, with proper precision and sheer determination, doing and nailing the work won’t cost you much. You just need to get the right thing from the right source.
The perfection of perspective drawing depends on the artist’s goal. Again, the time taken for learning perspective depends on how you take the work. Before you proceed, it is a must to know what perspective drawing is, and then only you can implement them.
But before you do so, do a proper study of what you will work on. You already know what to consider and how to apply them to your work. Just your implementation is what awaits now!